Case 32: Shawwal Fasts

بسم الله⚜⚜

الحمد الله⚜

وصَّلات وسَّلام على رسول الله⚜

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته⚜

🌷🌷

❓Question:❓

Dear sisters .‎الحمد لله‎ Ramadan seemed to have just breezed past us leaving us with the sweet smell of emaan. I hope and pray this stays with us even after this blessed month has passed us by. Since I will be unable to post on Thursday and a question has also come up about the Shawwal fasts I thought it better if I posted it on Monday itself. This sister has a series of question regarding them and they are as follows:

1. Can the missed Ramadan fasts be combined with the Shawwal fasts?

2. Should we start fasting on the second day of Shawwal itself? (that is the day after Eid al fitr)

3. And can we make up these fasts other than in the month of Shawwal.

📃📃Answer📃📃

Now since these are fiqh questions the answers to these questions have been referred to from authentic Islamic sites and it’s not my personal opinion.

Now about the first question.

1. Can the missed Ramadan fasts be combined with the Shawwal fasts?

It is not valid to combine the missed Ramadan fasts with the Shawwal fasts, because fasting the six days of Shawwaal can only be done after fasting Ramadan in full.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said in Fataawa al-Siyaam (438).

It is obligatory to make up missed fasts for the one who had an excuse, indeed that is part of this pillar of Islam. Based on this, hastening to do it and to discharge this duty takes priority over doing actions that are mustahabb.

With regard to fasting the six days of Shawwal, they are connected to Ramadan and can only done after making up missed Ramadan fasts. If anyone fasts them before making up missed Ramadan fasts they will not attain that reward, because the Prophet (‎ﷺ‎) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadan then follows it with six days of Shawwal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.” It is well known that whoever still owes days from Ramadan is not regarded as having fasted Ramadan until they make up the days they missed. Therefore _fasting_ six days of Shawwal is dependent upon having completed the Ramadan fast, according to the correct view.

The conjunction then indicates that this must be done in this order. This indicates that the fast of Ramadan must be completed first (by observing the Ramadan fast and making up any missed fasts), then after that one may fast the six days of Shawwal, so as to attain the reward mentioned in the hadeeth.

The one who still owes missed Ramadan fasts is said to have fasted part of Ramadan; we cannot say that he has fasted Ramadan.

2. Should we start fasting on the second day of Shawwal itself? (that is the day after Eid al fitr)

No, it is not necessary that we start fasting on the day after Eid itself for us to get the reward. The entire month of Shawwal is there for us to complete our Shawwal fasts. But there is also a point of view which forbids us from fasting the day after Eid too ,which is wrong.

Eid al-Fitr lasts for just one day, which is the first day of Shawwal.

With regard to the commonly-held belief among people, that Eid al-Fitr lasts for three days, this is merely a custom that is known among the people, and has nothing to do with any shar’i rulings.

Al-Bukhaari (رحمالله) said:

Chapter: Fasting on the day of al-Fitr.

Then he narrated that Abu Sa’eed (رضى الله عنه) said: The Prophet (‎ﷺ‎) forbade fasting on the day of al-Fitr and al-Nahr.

Based on this, the day of al-Fitr is just one day, on which it is haraam to fast, As for the second and third days of Shawwal, it is not haraam to fast those days; it is permissible to fast it to make up a missed Ramadan fast or as a voluntary fast.

Therefore if it’s convenient to start fasting on the second day of Shawwal itself then ‎الحمد لله‎ but if due to some reason we are not able to do so, then those six Shawwal fasts can be done in the full month at your own convenience.

And now for the third question.

3. Can we make up these fasts other than in the month of Shawwal.

If a person has an excuse that kept him from fasting the six days of Shawwal in Shawwal because he had to make up missed fasts – such as a woman who was bleeding followed childbirth and spent all of Shawwal making up for Ramadan – then she may fast six days of Shawwal in Dhu’l-Qa’dah, because she was excused. Similarly for anyone who has an excuse it is prescribed to make up the six days of Shawwal in Dhu’l-Qa’dah, after making up the missed Ramadan fasts. But the one who lets the month of Shawwal go by without fasting these days and with no excuse, will not attain this reward.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked: What if a woman owes days from Ramadan – is it permissible for her to give precedence to fasting the six days of Shawwal over making up the days she owes, or should she give priority to the days she owes over fasting the six days of Shawwal?

He replied: If a woman still owes days from Ramadan, then she should not fast the six days of Shawwaal until after she has made up what she owes, because the Prophet (‎ﷺ‎) said: “Whoever fasts Ramadan then follows it with six days of Shawwal…” Whoever still has days to make up from Ramadan has not fasted Ramadan, so she will not attain the reward of fasting the six days of Shawwal until after she has finished making up the days she owes. If we assume that this making up missed fasts lasts throughout Shawwal, such as if a woman was bleeding following childbirth and did not fast at all in Ramadan, then she started to make up her missed fasts in Shawaal and did not finish that until Dhu’l-Qa’dah began, then she may fast the six days, and she will have the reward of one who fasted them in Shawwal, because she delayed it for a necessary reason, so she will have the reward.

I hope this has answered all the questions and cleared all the doubts about the Shawwal fasts ‎إن شاء الله.

May Allah (‎ﷻ) accept it from us and grant us the the reward for it.

May Allah(‎ﷻ) grant us the strength to increase our Ibadah and let our deeds be only for His sake and every act of Ibadah done with Ikhlas this Ramadan.

أمين يا رب العلمين

و آخر الدعوانا أن الحمد لله رب العالمين.

🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸

Solace Islamic Assistance 

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Case 29: Missed Ramadan Fasts And Importance of Shawwal fasts

بِسْم الله⚜⚜

الحمد الله⚜

والصَّلات والسَّلام على رسول الله⚜

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

🔴Question:

🔼The question we are going to answer this week is very relevant for the month of Ramadan. A sister has asked us about how to make up missed Ramadan fasts. And also the importance of fasting during the month of shawwal.

🔵Answer:

🔹Let’s start by discussing how important it is to fast during this blessed month.

🌻The Prophet (ﷺ) said, 💡”In Jannah, there is a gate which is called “Ar-Raiyyan” through which only those who observe ‘Saum’ (fasting) will enter on the Day of Resurrection. No one else will enter through it. It will be called out, “Where are those who observe fasting?” So they will stand up and proceed towards it. When the last of them will have entered, the gate will be closed and then no one will enter through that gate.” 💡

[Bukhari Muslim, riyad as-salihin 1217]

🌻The Prophet (ﷺ) said,💡 “He who observes fasting during the month of Ramadan with Faith, while seeking its reward from Allah‎ﷻ, will have his past sins forgiven.”💡

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim, riyad as-salihin 1219]

🌻The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, 💡”Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: ‘Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except As-Siyam (the fasting) which is (exclusively) for Me, and I will reward him for it.’

Fasting is a shield. When anyone of you is observing fast, he should neither indulge in obscene language nor should he raise his voice; and if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him, he should say: ‘I am fasting.’ By Him in Whose Hand the soul of Muhammad‎ﷺ‎ is, the breath of one observing Saum is sweeter to Allah‎ﷻ than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts, experiences two joys: he feels pleasure when he breaks the fast. He is joyful by virtue of his fast when he meets his Rubb.”💡

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim, riyad as-salihin 1215]

🔘So it is of paramount importance that as Muslims we fast during this month to gain the favors of our Rabb.

🔘But if we miss some fasts due to reasons such as sickness or travelling, or menstruation in the case of women, then we must make it up after Ramadan, and we must make up the number of days that we did not fast, because Allah‎ﷻ says:

🌟“and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must be made up] from other days”🌟

[al-Baqarah 2:185].

🌼‘Aisha رضى الله عنه said: That (i.e., menstruation) would happen to us and we would be told to make up the fasts, but we were not told to make up the prayers.

[Al-Bukhaari (321) and Muslim (335)]

🔘The time for making up the fasts lasts until the next Ramadan begins; we can make them up at any time during this period, on consecutive days or separately.

🔘It is not permissible for us to delay making them up after the following Ramadan, unless we have an excuse.

The one who breaks the fast with no excuse also has to repent to Allah, regret what they have done, resolve never to do it again, and do a lot of righteous deeds such as observing nawafil fasts and so on.

Allah‎ﷻ says:

🌟“And verily, I am indeed forgiving to him who repents, believes (in My Oneness, and associates none in worship with Me) and does righteous good deeds, and then remains constant in doing them (till his death)🌟.

🔘And about the fasting of shawwal,it can’t be stressed enough how important it is. Fasting six days of Shawwaal after the obligatory fast of Ramadan is Sunnah Mustahabbah, not waajib. It is recommended for the Muslim to fast six days of Shawwaal, and in this there is great virtue and an immense reward. Whoever fasts these six days will have recorded for him a reward as if he had fasted a whole year, as was reported in a saheeh hadeeth from the Prophet‎ﷺ‎.

🌼Abu Ayyoob رضى الله عنه reported that the Messenger of Allah‎ﷺ‎ said: 💡“Whoever fasts Ramadan and follows it with six days of Shawwaal, it will be as if he fasted for a lifetime.”💡

[Narrated by Muslim, Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nisaa’i and Ibn Maajah].

🔘Another of the important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwaal is that it makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting. On the Day of Resurrection, some of his nawafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet‎ﷺ‎ said:💡 “The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salaah (prayer). Our Rabb‎ﷻ will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the salaah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (nawafil) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.” 💡

[Narrated by Abu Dawood].

🌷May Allah‎ﷻ grant us the strength to increase our Ibadah and let our deeds be only for His sake and  and every act of Ibadah done with Ikhlas this Ramadan.

أمين يا رب العلمين

🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸🌸

Solace Islamic Assistance 

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