والحَمْدُ الله رب العلمين
و الصلاة و السلام على محمد و على آله و اصحابه اجمعين وبعد
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
🔼Today’s question is a combination of inter-related questions, asked by three different sisters. So, the questions we are dealing with today is regarding menstruation; irregular period, ruling regarding reading and touching the Quran during menstruation and how to perform ghusl for ‘haidh’ and ‘janaba’; these are fiqh related, and since I am not qualified to answer fiqh related questions, I would only touch upon these topics to the best of my understanding.
🔹We are in the month of Ramadan, and a lot of sisters are writing to me and are worried that they won’t be able to make the best of this blessed month. Some are concerned about missing out on the last 10 nights, and some are not feeling connected, and some feel that they are lacking the quality in their ibadah.
To start with, menstruation is a pretty normal process of a woman’s life. There is no need to be sad or inconvenienced because of restrictions or difficulties. Allahﷻ has destined it for us as a trial of life, and just as any other trial, patience will bring about great rewards إن شاء الله.
🌙As Heﷻ says in the Quran:🌟 “[He] who created death and life to test you [as to] which of you is best in deed – and He is the Exalted in Might, the Forgiving” 🌟[Surah Mulk:2]
🔘To accept the qadr of Allah is a part of our imaan; and menstruation is a part of the divine destiny, and Allah does not want to put us in difficulty. Even in this, there is Allahﷻ’s infinite wisdom and there is goodness for us, that we do not understand or comprehend. So, with this acceptance let us move on to the answers. إن شاء الله
📌Duration of the Period:
According to Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, There is no set number of days for the minimum or maximum length of the period, when the menstrual bleeding ends.
Because Allahﷻ says:
🌟“They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is having her menses), therefore, keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are purified (from menses and have taken a bath)”🌟
✅Here Allahﷻ mentions that the time a man withhold’s from his wife is until she becomes pure. So, how do we know that the period has ended?
🔘Some women used to send pads of cotton with traces yellowish discharge to ‘Aishرضى الله عنها for verdict on whether their menses ended or not, and she would say,🌼 “Do not be hasty. They have not eluded until you see the white discharge” [Sahih Bukhari]
☞There are usually two signs for the indication of the end of the period.
✔Dries out completely, if wiping the private parts and nothing comes out at all, this is the most common sign.
[ Use a cotton ball / a Q-tip to wipe in the inners walls of the vagina to check for any traces of blood]
✔White discharge comes out. In classical works, Ulema describe it like gypsum/ tiny flakes with the discharge.
❗If you are sure with the above signs that you are finished with your period and then after a day or two see a subsequent discharge then it is not a part of menstruation.
🌼Umm Athiya said, “ We did not consider brown or yellow discharge after purification as anything. [ Abu Dawood]
📌Istihaadah- Bleeding between Menstruation:
🍁Bleeding outside of its normal time frame is no longer considered menses, a woman is considered ritually pure.
🍁She is required to fulfil her fardh and pray in spite of blood flow.
🌼Aisha رضى الله عنها, related, Fahimah bint Abi Hubaysh asked Allah’s Messengerﷺ, “O Messenger of Allahﷺ, I do not become clean from menses, should I abstain from formal prayers?” He replied, 💡“no, (the bleeding) is from a blood vessel and not menses. So, when the real menses begins stop praying and the period ends, was the blood from your body and resume praying the formal prayers.”💡 [Sahih Bukhari]
☞If you are able to judge the beginning and ending of your period according to the characteristic of the blood.
☞When the blood of menses comes, it is dark and recognisable. If it is that, stop the formal prayers. If it other than that, make wudu and pray. [Abu Dawood]
☞When it is difficult to determine the characteristic of the blood, women were instructed to estimate the period of menses according to their normal pattern.
☞If a woman does not have an established pattern for menses, she assumes that it’s six or seven days.
📌Touching and Reciting the Quran:
📒Majority Ulema are of the opinion that a woman is not allowed to hold the ’Mushaf’ (A Mushaf is a Quran which is only in Arabic, without any English translation), and recite the Quran.
📒If she is a student or teacher of Quran, it is necessary for her to hold it, she may do so while wearing gloves and she may flip the pages using a pen.
📒It is, however, permissible for her to listen to the Quran, reading Tafseer, making Adhkar.
📒 Digital Quran, on your phones and iPads, are not like a Mushaf. However, even whilst reading from the Quran on your phone, you must make sure that the English translation is present and that you are not touching the Arabic on the screen.
📌Ghusl from ‘Haidh’ and ‘Janabah’:
After menstruation has ended women are obliged to take an Islamic bath (Ghusl), in order to re-enter the spiritual state of purity required for formal prayer.
⭐Using perfumes in water is generally recommended.
🌼Aisha رضى الله عنها reported: Asma went to Prophetﷺ and asked, “O Messenger of Allahﷺ! How should we take a bath so we can be purified from menses?” He replied, 💡“She should prepare water mixed with tote tree leaves, make wudu, and wash her head, rubbing the water into the roots of her hair, pour water over her whole body, then take a (musk- scented) piece of cloth (or cotton) and clean it three times.” She asked, “O Messenger of Allahﷺ! How should she clean it?” Aisha رضى الله عنها said, “I understood what the Prophetﷺ meant and said to her, ‘wipe away the traces of blood.” 💡[Bukhari]
✅If a woman has long and thick hair she does not have to undo her braid in order for her to perform ghusl; rather, she is allowed to leave her braid as long as the water reaches her hair and roots.
☞If a menstruating woman becomes junub(sexually defile), or she is junub and her period begins, it is prescribed for her to do ghusl to cleanse herself from janabah. The point here is that she will then be able to recite Qur’an without touching the Mushaf, because the one who is junub is not allowed to touch or recite the Qur’an, unlike one who is menstruating.
☞Again the way in which this ghusl is done, as in all other cases prescribed by shari’a, is to start by washing the parts of the body that are washed in wudu, then pour three handfuls of water over the head, then wash the right side then the left, then pour water over the whole of the body. Thus janabah is removed but menstruation remains.
And Allah knows best.
🌷May Allahﷻ grant us the best of this Ramadan, even when we are not able to do the fara’id, and may He enable us to get closer to Him through the other many means He has provided for us.
أمين يا رب العلمين
سُبحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِ العِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُون وَسَلَامٌ عَلى المُرسَلِين والحَمدُ الله رَبِ العلمين
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